They say it ensures greater speed of circulation. Sure. But in my humble opinion the actual Portuguese toll system on highways is complicated and a nuisance for drivers with a foreign license plate or a rented car.
Some roads become a electronic toll road without the possibility of changing our itinerary. Friends keep asking me: Can I pay afterwards? And how do I avoid this in the future?
How to manage toll in Portugal?
Well, you have a choice!
Via Verde device
Rent a Temporary Via Verde device! The rent-a-car companies will offer you to hire such a device (normally 1,5 euros a day with a maximum of 15 euros). I vividly recommend renting a Via Verde when travelling in a rented car.
If you want to visit Portugal shortly (long weekend) and you are driving a ‘light vehicle’ use tollservice and buy a ‘vignette’. This prepaid system allows you to travel three days on Portuguese highways.
You don’t need to leave your car if you are entering Portugal from Spain at the following locations:
A28 – Viana do Castelo
A24 – Chaves
A25 – Vilar Formoso
A22 – Vila Real de Santo Antonio
At the border posts you sign up for the EASYtoll system. This system associates your credit card (Mastercard of Visa) to the license plate of your vehicle. By entering your credit card at the payment terminal the system automatically associates the vehicle’s license plate to the bankcard. The toll rates owed are now directly debited to your bankaccount.
The TOLLCard is an “on the shelf” product, activated through an SMS, with a fixed amount to be consumed depending on circulation. This solution allows payment in cash or with bankcard and is valid for one year. You can buy a pre-loaded card with 5, 10, 20 or 40 € (with an added service cost of 0.60€+VAT for each purchased card).
You didn’t use a tollcard, the easytoll sytem, a vignette or a via verde device when travelling by car? You passed electronic toll without paying? There is always the possibility of chekcing and paying your toll afterwards. Around two days after passing an electronic toll barrier you ask at a local Post Office what you have to pay. Or visit website www.pagamentosdeportagens.pt in order to pay online (much easier!).
Toll locations and rates
See here the toll locations and rates in Algarve, Baixo Tejo, Beira Interior, Beiras Litoral e Alta, Costa de Prata, Grande Porto, Interior Norte, Litoral Oeste, Norte Litoral, Pinhal Interior and Transmontana.
Prepare your trip
Before travelling to Portugal by car? Check the webistes mentioned, information can be out-of-date. Website Portugal Tolls can be of great help!
Friends ask if I know a reliable rent-a-car company frequently. We use to rent ourselves at Sunny Cars and we are very satisfied. The company policy includes fully comprehensive insurance (damage to glass, roof, tires and underbody are covered, as well!) and unlimited mileage. So at the airport I needn’t wory when rent-a-car employees try to scare me in order to sell more insurances!
Share this post! And in case you don’t want to miss any future posts: follow me by subscribing (bottom right of this page) or liking Facebookpage “Do you like Portugal?”
In former market halls near Tagus river there is a huge foodcourt these days. Part of the Mercado da Ribeira is transformed in a culinary hot spot, called Time Out Market.
On a December evening we travel by metro to this place opposite the metro/trainstation Cais do Sodré. It’s around eight o’clock when we arrive and there is hardly any place left at the long tables. We walk around and see a lot of variety: special hamburgers, sushi, pizza, pasta, but also Portuguese food, pastry and, of course, pastéis de nata!
But we end up in a restaurant on the first floor. Apparently this is restaurant Pap D’Açorda (it moved after 35 years in Bairro Alto to this new spot). So if you don’t want to share a table downstairs, go upstairs! But be aware: prices are high ( the most inexpensive glass of wine is 4,25 euro). Food is good, but to say the truth: we know places where we have experienced better price/quality.
Have a look at the short vlog I made if you want to experience Mercado da Ribeira/Time Out Market on a December evening:
And don’t leave Mercado da Ribeira/Time Out Market without tasting a Pastel de Nata at Manteigaria. I dare say these Pastéis de Nata (pastel = singular, pastéis = plural, by the way) are as great as the ones of the famous Pastelaria de Belém!
For Dutch visitors: read more about Lisbon and life at Portuguese Silver Coast on my blog in Dutch at Zin in Portugal
We didn’t expect to get a Downton Abbey-feeling when I booked a hotel in Lisbon. But room 135 in the old part of Hotel Real Palácio unexpectedly provides us one. The hotel is divided in a recent and old building. Our room for tonight is room 135, in the old part. Luckily this ancient city palace, with a beautifully tiled staircase, has survived the vile earthquake of 1755.
The room is styled in a way we tend to see in series like Downton Abbey and gives us a royal feeling. I have no idea of the rooms in the newer, bigger building are styled in the same way. But our room provides us a pleasant feeling of being part of ancient history.
From the hotel you walk easily to Park Eduardo VII, the Gulbenkian museum, the shopping mall of El Corte Inglês, michelin star-rated restaurant Eleven and Marquês de Pombal. And from the round about of Marquês de Pombal you walk along the Avenida da Liberdade to downtown Lisbon (A Baixa).
And those who don’t like to walk: metrostation Parque is not far.
We choose to walk from the top of Park Eduardo VII (magnificent view over Lisbon) to Marquês de Pombal on this sunny December evening and to have dinner at the new hotspot near Cais de Sodré: Time Out Market (Mercado da Ribeira).
Marquês de Pombal is a hub in the metrosystem of Lisbon. There we buy a ticket which is valid for 24 hours from the moment you start travelling (costs 6 euros). Before going to Mercado da Ribeira we stop at Baixa Chiado. We want to visit the old bookshops in Rua Garrett (one of them is the oldest in the world!). Besides that, Rua Garrett is a nice place. You can always change plans and decide to have dinner in Bairro Alto!
But first we take a picture of Fernando Pessoa. He is waiting, in bronze, for a coffee at Café Brasileira and look around. On this lovely December evening buildings are beautifully illuminated.
After this short stop we continue travelling to Cais do Sodré. Opposite this train/metro/boat station is Mercado da Ribeira, the foodcourt in an old market hall. It’s called Time Out Market and there is plenty of food for every taste. But more on that in a next blogpost!
A traditional Portuguese dessert is ‘Maçã assada’, roasted apple. It’s not difficult to make yourself! And it can be served cold, but I personally prefer a ‘roasted apple’ when it is still a bit warm.
The basic ingredients are always the same: apples, sugar, cinnamon. My recipe of maçã assada has a personal touch: I add Port – or even better ! – Ginja (a kind of sour cherry liqueur you can buy in the Óbidos-region or at airports). I am sure you will be overloaded with admiration if you serve your tableguests ‘maçã assada’ one of these days!
Ingredients 6 apples
6 tablespoons honey
6 teaspoons Sugar
6 cinnamon sticks
3 teaspoons cinnamon
Ginja or Port
Extra: cinnamon icecream and whipped cream
And, of course:
Use the apple corer and put the apples without cores in a oven dish
Pass the cinnamon sticks through the honey (put the honey in a small glass to make this easier)
Press the cinnamon sticks in the wholes made by the apple corer. Cover the apples with what is left of the honey.
Mix the cinnamon and sugar and pour it over the apples. Fill the cores with Ginja or Port. Don’t be thrifty: use the bottle and pour enough fine Ginja or Port in the apples and casserole. End with a spoon of water.
Put the oven dish in the oven (200 degrees). As long as the apples are in the oven your kitchen smells deliciously (and attracts everyone in the house!). It takes around 40 to 50 minutes before the apples become puffy and softer.
Serve the apples with (cinnamon) icecream and whipped cream. And don’t burn your mouth by being too greedy…
Everybody goes to Sintra. But why don’t you visit Mafra? From Lisbon Airport it’s only a bit more than a half an hour drive. And by the way, Mafra is close to Sintra. So go to this little town! Mafra welcomes you with a breathtaking view of a huge palace.
Besides that, in Sintra it’s overloaded with tourist, in Mafra you walk through the palace like you are the king and queen yourselves, without having to share the rooms with tenths of others. I particularly enjoyed the many photo-opportunities in the Royal Palace and Convent of Mafra.
The baroque building accomodated not only kings and queens, but monks, as well.
Many Franciscan monks lived and died in this Royal Convent. Luckily the areas, such as the infirmary, kithchen and pharmacy are open to the public.
But the most impressive part of the Royal Convent is still to come: the magnificent library. The monks possessed over 36.000 books.
Wandering through the palace and convent you understand why I recommend Mafra vividly. Sintra is just a smaller sister. The massive building of Mafra with 1200 rooms, 4700 doors and windows, 156 stairways and 29 inner yards and courtyards left me astonished. And I am not the only one. Nobel Prize -winner José Saramago wrote “Memorial do Convento”, explaining the origin of this eighteenth century building. “Memorial do Convento” became “Baltasar and Blimunda” in the English version. The love story of Baltasar and Blimunda is set in a period Portugal suffered severely from the Inquisition.
But nowadays nothing reminds us of the pain the Inquisition inflicted. Mafra is a lovely town with rows of pastel coloured and tiled houses.
In front of the main entrance of the palace you can have lunch at the square. The bakery on the corner, Polo Norte, has excellent pastry, bread and a simple lunch menu (sandwiches, quiche, soup). Try also the ‘macarons’. They are delicious!
Close to Mafra you will find a 800 acres wildpark: Tapada de Mafra. In ancient time Portuguese kings used to spend days hunting in the forest. Nowadays visitors run, walk, bicycle in the park. And if you want to become a falconer, you follow a workshop learning how to train a bird of prey.
But perhaps you are not interested in falcons, but in bees. In that case, you choose the apiculture-workshop and learn all about bee-culture. Or you rather want to learn to shoot like a medieval warrior? Then go to archery. Horselovers perhaps want to explore the park on the back of a horse. Possible, as well. And in case you are thinking of getting married: the surroundings are magnificent for a wedding. Wanting to leave the urban stress and sleep in a forest? Rent one of the rooms and wake up in the park.
Still not convinced? Stay in Sintra and don’t go to Mafra…
Palácio de Mafra
9.00h -18.00h (latest entry 17.00H) closed on Tuesdays!
Terreiro D. João V, 2640 Mafra, Portugal
Telephone: +351 261 817 550
Free parking in the neighbourhood of palace
Do go to the site of Palácio de Mafra for up-to-date information about festivals, opening hours etc.
In case you want one of the workshops: make a reservation in advance! Other activities (like exploring the park on the back of a horse) are scheduled as well. At the site Tapada Nacional de Mafra you can find this information.
‘Do you like Portugal’is the English version of ‘Zin in Portugal’ (Dutch). Do you have a particular interest in Portugal? Wanting to visit Portugal? Follow writer’s Esa Caldas blogs by subscribing (right, in the corner you see a ‘follow/volg’-button). And no, you won’t get any spam.
Or like ‘Do you like Portugal’ or ‘Zin in Portugal’ on Facebook. So you won’t miss any new tips, stories or places to see and to stay in that lovely country in Southern Europe: beloved Portugal!
People keep asking me all the time: “Do you know a good restaurant?”. As a matter of fact, I do.
We spend a lot of time in restaurants, so we know quite a few nice places where they serve a decent meal for a reasonable price near Caldas da Rainha and Foz do Arelho in the Silver Coast (Costa de Prata) area.
In Portugal people tend to start the day sipping a ‘bica‘, a strong espresso, and eating a freshly baked ‘pastel de nata’ (custard tart). Or something else, as long as it is sweet. There is so much choice for gourmands!
Portuguese peolple are used to have a warm meal twice a day: the first one between noon and three o’clock in the afternoon and the second between seven and ten o’clock at night. Besides these meals they they kill their hunger around five o’clock with a ‘lanche’, a snack, usually some pastry, biscuits covered with butter or a small sandwich.
No wonder there are lots of ‘pastelarias‘ (pastry shops) and ‘padarias‘ (bakeries) where you can buy cups of coffee, sandwiches, pastry, freshly baked bread and during lunch break a small bowl of soup or a light meal.
Portuguese employees use to get a small lunchcompensation from their employer. That’s why at lunchtime many restaurants and pastelarias offer a decent meal for prices far below ten euros. Lucky us!
Restaurants and nice places in the surroundings of Caldas da Rainha (Costa de Prata)
During quite a while A Lareira (the ‘Fireplace’) has been out of favour after an unpleasant experience . But at the beginning of May 2015 we rediscovered this restaurant in Alto do Nobre, near the villages Foz do Arelho and Nadadouro.
Nowadays, during weekdays you can enjoy a lovely meal for 8,50 euros (weekends 12,50 euro). And that’s not much for what you get: an ‘amuse bouche’, nice bread, appetizer, a decent mean course (fish or meat) and dessert. Besides that, the wine accompagning your meal is excellent and doesn’t cost a fortune (1,50 euro a glass).
In case you like to know: the owner is also responsible for the selfservice restaurant in the excentric Garden of Peace, also called Buddha Eden and Quinta dos Loridos, near Carvalhal – Bombarral.
If you want you can always eat ‘à la carte’. Then you spend around twenty or thirty euros a person.
Appetizers at A Lareira
Rua da Lareira 35
village Alto do Nobre- parish Nadadouro – city Caldas da Rainha
T: (00 351) 262 823432
Sana Silver Coast Hotel of het oude Hotel Lisbonense
In former days the king and his entourage liked to dine in Hotel Lisbonense while visiting Caldas da Rainha. You will still find the menu and what he was served in the glass displays of the hotel.
Nowadays a big hotelchain (Sana Hotels) is in charge of the hotel and restaurant. Unfortunately locals tend to find the hotel a bit snobbish. Just as every Portuguese I like a plate covered with nice food. Yes, perhaps you get less quantity, but I have never left the Sana Silver Coast restaurant with an empty tummy. And to say the truth: we always wonder how it is possible to lunch so well for around twenty euros. Elsewhere in Europe you pay twice as much for less quality food.
And not in the least important: the ‘house’ wine is excellent.
Sana Silver Coast Hotel
Avenida Dom Manuel Figueira Freire da Câmara
Caldas da Rainha, Portugal
T: 351 262 000 600
Parking is for free in the car park under the shopping mall (be aware to get the right ticket!)
The Sana Silver Coast Hotel is a great place to stay for a holiday in Caldas da Rainha or Obidos. It’s located opposite the citypark, not far from many shops, near the old city centre of Caldas da Rainha and close to several museums. By car it doesn’t take long to get to medieval Obidos or Foz do Arelho-beach. Besides, the hotel is on a walking distance of the bus- and railwaystation of Caldas da Rainha.
Great idea: spend Carnival or Silvester (New Year) at the hotel!
Solar dos Amigos
Solar dos Amigos is extremely popular. Come early or make a reservation, otherwise you will have to wait, especially on Sunday during lunch. Portugual is a country of meat lovers. At Solar dos Amigos in the little village Guisado they serve giant steaks. So no wonder it’s crowded inside!
When you don’t want to eat too much, choose the ‘bitoque’. But if you want to have the full treat order ‘cascos à casa’ or ‘costeletas de novilho’. All grilled. You will be astonised by the size. Normally the waitresses try to temper your enthousiasm, saying one portion can easily fill the stomachs of three people. Listen to them! If you don’t like meat, try the ‘bacalhau’. After dealing with the main course they let you choose out of a tray full of deserts. And they are so tempting that you want to have them all…
Solar dos Amigos
Rua Principal 49
village Guisado – parish Salir de Matos- townCaldas da Rainha
T: (00351) 262877135
Only cash, no cards accepted!
Why eat Indian food when there is so much nice Portuguese food to taste? Well, Portuguese people like to eat something exotic as well. Besides, Goa has been an old Portuguese colony in India, so it doesn’t seem very odd that a restaurant serving curry and tandoori opens in Caldas da Rainha.
It took quite a while before locals and foreigners discovered Delhi Darbar. But nowadays on Tripadvisor the restaurant is recommended as being the first or second best in Caldas da Rainha.
Vegetarians can have a hard time in Portugal. But at Delhi Darbar you find many dishes without meat (and fish). We love number 74: navratan korma. It’s a vegetarian curry I highly recommend.
During weekdays Delhi Darbar serves a meal for 7,50 euro: delicious naan bread, a curry of your choice, one beverage and coffee afterwards included. At night and during weekends you pay the normal price. In that case you spend around 15 to 20 euros a person.
Tip: this restaurant is a two minute walk from Sana Silver Coast Hotel. When you are with your back standing in front of the hotel, pass over to the park and go to the right. Keep walking straight ahead (in the direction of ‘Obidos’) till you see a flat with a staircase leading you down to the entrance of the restautant Delhi Darbar.
Chinese restaurant ‘Casa Shao’
My aunt likes to go to the Chinese restaurant Casa Shao. And to say the truth, they have lovely sushi and you can pick your own food. So, if you are a vegetarian it’s more likely to find here something to eat than in normal Portuguese restautants. The Chinese restaurant is close to the bus station of Caldas da Rainha. A meal costs 8 or 9 euros (drinks are not included).
Chinês Casa Shao
Rua Coronel Soeiro de Brito 25
Caldas da Rainha
Opposite Caixa Agrícola and one of the entries of the busstation of Caldas da Rainha
Fortaleza or Mercado de Santana
Restaurant Fortaleza is not far from Mercado de Santana, the huge farmer’s market on Sunday morning in Venda da Costa in the parish of Alvorninha (this parish belongs to the city of Caldas da Rainha).
In Santana you see many places where they roast chicken on a spit. It’s really a happening to sit there and enjoy a ‘frango piri piri’, or, my favourite, a ‘frango com limão’ (chicken covered with a little bit of lemon sauce). In case you think ‘frango piri piri’ is very spicy, don’t be afraid. Normally it’s not too hot. If you don’t like chicken, choose a place where they roast ‘bacalhau‘ (cod fish). And don’t forget to order ‘migas‘ ( a kind of pap made out of corn bread, cabbage and garlick).
If you don’t want to eat as a lot of locals do on Sunday at lunchtime, you go to Alto da Serra, Rio Maior. By car it’s a ten minute drive from Santana Market. During weekdays and on Sunday they serve at Restaurante Fortaleza an excellent buffet. All tables are nicely covered with tablelinnen. Lunch during weekdays costs 8,50 euro and on Sunday 12,50 euro. One drink and coffee afterwards included.
Attention: there is another restaurant in Alto da Serra. For Restaurant Fortaleza you have to climb the hill!
In summertime you can combine a lunch at Restaurant Fortaleza with a visit to the saltpans of ‘Salinas-Rio Maior’. From the car park of restaurant Fortaleza you can see the saltpans in the distance.
Mercado de Santana
Village Santana/ Venda da Costa – parish Alvorninha- city Caldas da Rainha
Looking for a special place to spend the night? The owner of Restaurante Fortaleza has some old Portugues mills in the natural park opposite the restaurant. An ideal spot!
Pousada de Obidos
A royal dinner? Then go to the “Pousada de Obidos”. But the truth is: my experiences are variable. Of course, the setting is great, specially if you manage to get the table at the window, but the food hasn’t left me that enthousiastic by times. Nevertheless, for a romantic dinner it’s the place to be. Count on spending around 30/40 euros a person (which is a lot, keeping in mind what I normally spend in the neighbourhood of Óbidos).
Pousada de Obidos
straat: Paço Real
T: 00 351 262 955 080
Website of all pousadas in Portugal: www.pousadas.pt
My aunt lives on a comb in a tiny village between Caldas da Rainha and Rio Maior. Every day a baker drives through the little villages selling fresh bread and pasty. My aunt, a widow, is always very happy to see the baker. He goes everywhere and has a lot to fresh stories to tell.
So the baker told my aunt there was a nice restaurant at the former Fish Market in Caldas da Rainha (also known as Praça 5 de Outubro) and I immediately got an invitation to have lunch there. The baker is right: food is good, the staff pleasant and attentive. I had a big sole and my dishmates enjoyed grilled salmon. So far so good, but asking 4,50 euro for a mango as dessert is way too much in our surroundings…
Praça 5 Outubro number 37
Caldas da Rainha
T: 00 351 964435165
In case you think: this restaurant is in Lisbon. No, you’re wrong. The owners surname is Lisboa. That’s why this restaurant – in the Industrial area between Caldas da Rainha and Foz do Arelho- is called Restaurante Lisboa.
By far my husband’s and his friends’ favourite. A buffet where you can eat all you want for only 10 euros (on Friday/ Saturdaynight and on Sunday lunchtime 13,50 euro). And there is a lot to choose. Ideal for children and vegetarians. If you don’t want a main course you can enlight your stay eating as many desserts you like. Or salads…
Rua João Reis, Zona Industrial
Caldas da Rainha
The restaurant is located in the industrial area between Caldas da Rainha and Foz do Arelho, in one of the side streets of the Avenida Atlântica (the quick way to the beach of Foz do Arelho). An ideal place to stop before or after going to the beach!
A lot of families celebrate birthdays in this restaurant. In Portugal it’s normal that you bring your own birthdaycake to the restaurant. I remember nights we sang twice or three times “Happy Birthday” for groups having a birthdayperson in their middle. Very funny!
Nice to know: free wifi for guests!
At equestrian center CEIA in Alfeizerão they serve meals, as well.
Every day at lunchtime the restaurant offers a meal for 8 euro (weekends 13,50 euro). Overlooking the sandy outdoor area you are served soup, a main course (meat or fish) and dessert. On Sunday there is a well attended lunchbuffet. Be sure to come early on Sunday, otherwise it’s difficult to find an empty table.
Ceia – Centro Equestre International Alfeizerão
Estrada Nacional 8, km 89
Vale de Maceira
T: (00351)262 980048
Only lunch, but during the weekend also dinner.They organize fado-concerts on a regular basis. And, of course, you can do some horseriding, as well.
Escola da Vela at the Lagoon of Obidos
Lovely spot to have a simple meal (hamburger, omelette, salad) and to enjoy the beautiful panorama.
A lot of outdoor sportlovers come here to (kite)surf or sail. In wintertime it’s nice to spend the afternoon on the terrace, drinking a coffee or two.
Escola de Vela da Lagoa
Rua do Penedo Furado
Nadadouro (at the Lagoon of Obidos – Lágoa de Obidos – )
T: (00 351) 262 978592
It’s also the place to be in case you want lessons (kite-surfing, sailing etc.) or to rent material.
Foz do Arelho boulevard
Cais da Praia
At the beginning of the big car park leading to the Atlantic Ocean you find Cais da Praia. In summer and winter, a good place for a beer or a light meal.
Nice bar for cocktails. Or to spend a Saturdaynight. And beerlovers attention: they have Grimbergen. The whole day you can order a light meal (hamburger, pizza, toast or my favourite, ‘torrada‘, toasted bread with loads of butter, very simple and tasteful). Because of the lounge music and relaxed atmosphere this place is very trendy. Some people stay halve a day on the terrace, reading a book or socializing with friends. Having a Grimbergen, cocktail or ‘bica‘ right in front of them.
At the far end of the boulevard you find Ala Norte. Also a nice place to spend some time. Some televisionmakers thought the same. Last year, the café and beach in front where used in the soap Água do Mar. Actors, stylists and filmmakers spent their breaks in Ala Norte.
Going to the beach? In ‘pastelarias’ (pastry shops) or ‘paderias’ (bakeries) nice sandwiches are made for less than two euros. As for the bread, I like ‘pão caseiro’ the best. You can choose between ‘papo seco’ or ‘pão caseiro’. A ‘papo seco‘ is light and white, a ‘pão caseiro’ has darker flour and is heavier. Much more tasteful.
Sandes de queijo com/sem manteiga (cheesesandwich with/without butter) Sandes de fiambre com/sem manteiga (hamsandwich with/without butter) Sandes misto com/sem manteiga (chees- and hamsandwich with/without butter)
Luckily we don’t like to throw stuff away in this family. That’s why we still have pricelists of 1943, 1944 and 1945. My greatgrandfather was a farmer with a small grocery shop in the Silvercoast area. During world war II food was rationed in Portugal, as well.
In the years of severe fighting throughout Europe (1939-1945), Portugal remainded neutral and therefore a safe heaven for many. In the Silvercoast area sites like Foz do Arelho and Caldas da Rainha are known to be places where refugees who escaped the horrors of war in northern Europe spent their days waiting for better times to come or hoping for a ticket on one of carriers heading from Lisbon to America. In a silent video kept in United States Holocaust Memorial Museum you can watch Jewish refugees in Caldas da Rainha attending a farmer’s market, washing clothes, enjoying coffee in café Bocage, which still exist on the top of the central square, and playing cards in fancy Hotel Lisbonense, nowadays Sana Silver Coast Hotel.
Advertising posters from 1943 on explain how food is distributed and what prices have to be paid in grocery shops. The price of butter ended up skyhigh in 1944. In fact butter was much more expensive than Portuguese traditional codfish. In January 1943 people paid 21,50 escudos for some butter while codfish was only 8,70 escudos. In March 1944, however, the price of butter went up to 29 escudos.
The last advertising poster we have in our possession is dated 1946. Probably there was no longer need to ration essencial foodstuff from 1947 onwards. Nowadays, in the part of the world I live in, there is plenty of everything. I can’t remember having spent one day with an empty belly. How extremely lucky we are!